莒州大店庄氏今昔

<TABLE border=0 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 width="100%" align=center>
<TBODY>
<TR>
<TD style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt" borderColor=#ffffff width="100%" align=center>
<P>作者:庄维林 庄宿庭 </P></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD borderColor=#ffffff width="100%" align=center>
<TABLE style="TABLE-LAYOUT: fixed" border=0 cellSpacing=0 cellPadding=0 width="98%" align=center>
<TBODY>
<TR>
<TD width="100%" align=center></TD></TR>
<TR>
<TD style="WORD-WRAP: break-word"><FONT class=news>
<P style="TEXT-ALIGN: center; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal align=center><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">一、家族源流</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">据唐代林宝《元和姓纂》:“庄姓,出于芈姓,楚庄王之后,以谥为姓。”《史记·楚世家》记载:“</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">楚之先祖出自帝颛顼高阳。高阳者,黄帝之孙,昌意之子也。”高阳</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">的五世孙“陆终生子六人……六曰季连,芈姓,楚其后也。”按《楚史》:楚国之作军事统帅者称“敖”,“敖”封王者称“熊”。《史记·楚世家》:“周文王之时,季连之苗裔曰鬻熊。”“其子曰熊丽,熊丽生熊狂,熊狂生熊绎;熊绎当周成王之时,举文武勤劳之后嗣,而封熊绎于楚蛮,封以子爵之田,姓芈氏,居丹阳”,是为楚始王。楚始王经过荜路蓝褛的艰苦岁月,逐渐发展楚国的事业,成为春秋“五霸”,战国“七雄”之一。楚始王下传至第十六代孙芈侣(又作芈旅);芈侣在位</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">23</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,卒于公元前</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">591</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,谥号“庄王”。楚庄王的后裔以“庄”为姓,始有庄姓。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">大店最早何时有庄姓居住,据《重修莒志》:“大店西门里,旧有兴福寺,墙嵌金大定四年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1164</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)度僧牒刻石,碑阴书施主姓名,古郡村有庄</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(此字为碑刻字,在《说文解字》、《康熙字典》和近年出版收字最多的《字海》等字书中均未查到,可能是“岐”字或“歧”字,年代久远左边笔画残缺——本书编者),庄洪,则庄氏之在莒南,自金以前矣。”经查,他们的后裔早已失考。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">现在的大店庄氏,据宣统二年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1909</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)刊行的《庄氏族谱》记载:原籍江南东海郡海东村(也称海东十八村,址在今连云港市云台山北麓),明洪武初年来莒朱陈店。明代谱牒,毁于兵火。清代第一次修谱,时在顺治辛丑(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1661</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),根据墓碑所记,坟茔可考,以庄瑜为始迁祖。乾隆丙辰(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1736</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),庄保泰在大店兴福禅院发现一千斤铁钟,洗去泥土,见钟铸于明正德六年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1511</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),所载之施主皆系庄氏。上列:庄福,庄满,庄路;男庄政,庄瑜,庄庆,庄清,庄永,庄成;孙男庄海,庄涟,庄浩,知为庄氏先人昔年所赠。经过考证,绘下钟图,写出《钟图附记》:“按钟图男孙之众,福祖当年约六旬有奇。福祖之生,非正统即景泰年间:正统至洪武仅五十八年,景泰至洪武七十二年,其居朱陈也,非三世即四世矣。”(近查有关资料,正统至洪武</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">68</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,景泰至洪武</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">82</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)“揣之于时,度之于理,其来自洪武初年可知矣。”庄保泰又参照碑记写出《世系图前小图记》:“此图钟碑所记也。福祖兄弟三人,瑜祖兄弟六人,考之碑记,海涟浩祖皆奉瑜祀,浩祖失考,而朱陈四支,皆瑜祖后也,瑜祖而外,世系皆阙。”“然钟图瑜居第二,碑记又称大公,大约瑜祖兄弟六人,乃同堂非同胞也。福祖兄弟三人,不知瑜祖出自几公后。图中以福祖三人并列于瑜祖之上,不敢湮没,世系则仍以瑜祖始。”此后五次修谱,均以钟图为依据,庄福三人列于上,始祖庄瑜,二世分五支:海,涟,浩,秀,伸;三支浩失考。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">清代最后一次修谱,开始于光绪三十一年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1905</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),历四年完成,载庄瑜以下至</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">18</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">代,除世居大店者外,分布于本县、邻县、江苏、河北、陕西、辽宁等省</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">300</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">多个村镇。时隔</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">90</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">余年,</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2000</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年大店庄氏完成继修族谱,载庄瑜以下至</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">22</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">代,人口</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">7</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">万余。长支庄海后裔主要分居于林后、西北庄和莒县中泉一带;二支庄涟之后住涝坡乡几个址坊一带,其中庄日烈清朝中期在辽宁任职,其次子庄在乾去昌图县金家屯落籍,后人改姓严;三支庄浩原定失考,经查沂水后南社和赣榆土城乡庄家留赞村一带庄氏,确认为三支庄浩后裔;四支庄秀后裔人数最多,主要在大店,河湾,街疃,庄家埠墩,莒县洙流,庄家围子一带;五支庄伸后人住汲家庄子和莒县庄家洪沟等村。初步统计,族人分布于全国</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">400</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">多个村镇和城市,日本、新加坡、美国、加拿大等国也有大店庄氏族人居住。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-ALIGN: center; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal align=center><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">二、科举仕进</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">大店庄氏的先祖,系明初(约</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1368</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">——</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1398</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)江南贫苦农民,一付担子来大店定居。经过一百多年勤劳节俭,艰苦度日,至明正德六年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1511</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)已温饱有余,有千斤铁钟捐赠寺院和供子弟读书的经济条件。到第五世庄谦,明万历壬子科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1612</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)举于乡,己未科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1619</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)中进士,授汝宁府推官,浙江道监察御史,巡按陕西。父亲庄希孟敕封文林郎,监察御史;二弟庄升考取岁进士,三弟庄贲为廪生</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">;叔弟庄鼎考廪膳生</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">,庄鼐(字调之)考武庠生,任洛口守备,庄整任辽东守备;叔父庄希禹、庄希吕诰封威远将军,大店庄氏开始成为仕宦家族。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">清兵入关后,庄调之在家乡组织义军抗清,失败后潜入北京谋刺摄政王多尔衮,未获成功,遁迹江湖。清顺治</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">18</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1661</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)庄永龄中进士,授兵部主事,英年辞世。此后</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">80</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">余年,族人未有科第者,但家塾增多攻读不辍。为适应科举需要,乾隆六年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1741</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)几家出资在大店东北、浔河南岸的林后村创办私学一所,初称“林后大学”,后称“因园”,延聘饱学宿儒为师,教授四书五经。嘉庆年间庄在芳立“文昌社”,庄恩植结“思诚社”,广延本族及远近学者专题讲学,扩大学生视野;定期分题考课如应试,煅炼能力,并评定甲乙,表扬奖励。乾隆庚辰科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1760</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)庄訚中举人,拣发贵州知县;嘉庆四年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1799</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)庄詠中进士先后授知县、知府;还有庄许等考中举人,出任知县、知州、教谕、训导等,大店庄氏在政治上开始复兴。此后读书之风更加兴盛。嘉庆丁丑科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1818</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)庄瑶中进士,官至河南河北彰怀卫道;咸丰丙辰科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1856</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">)</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">庄瑶长子庄锡级中进士,出任山西大同知府;同治壬戌科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1862</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)庄予桢中进士,任湖南宝庆府知府;光绪戊戌科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1898</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)庄清吉中进士,为翰林院庶吉士;光绪甲辰科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1904</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)庄陔兰中进士,授翰林院编修。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">明清两代,大店庄氏先后考取进士</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">8</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人(其中翰林</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人),举人</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">22</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人(含中进士的</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">8</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人),拔贡</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">20</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,岁贡、副贡、恩贡、优贡</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">34</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,另有廪生、监生、附生、增</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">生、庠生、郡邑庠生</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">199</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人。为官者有巡按</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,道台</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,知府</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">8</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,知州</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">6</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,知县</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">16</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,州同</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">4</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,教谕</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">16</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,训导</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">26</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,县丞</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">7</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,典史</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,州判</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">8</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,守备</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,兵部主事、刑部主事、四川司主事、水部都郎中、兵马司吏目、吏部司务厅考功司行走、礼部祠祭司主事及员外郎和江苏候补道库大使各</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,奎文阁典籍、湖南候补巡检、候补刑部司狱各</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,工部主事、兵马司副指挥、礼部主事、刑部员外郎、刑部主事和候补布政司理问各</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,候补布政司经历、候选府经历各</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">4</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人,内阁中书</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">6</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人。上述官员中受封典</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">33</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">人。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-ALIGN: center; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal align=center><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">三、传承文明</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>大店庄氏以读书起家,科第蝉联,出仕众多,历明清民国而不衰,根本在於注重儒学思想为主体的中华优秀文化的传承,突出表现为言传身教,著书立说,努力实践。见于《庄氏族谱》和《重修莒志》者,主要八个方面。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(一)勤劳节俭</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">庄氏初来大店,为贫苦农民,经过</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">50</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年两代人的努力,由衣食不继,到温饱有余和捐献公益,其勤劳节俭,可以想象。族谱《家传》记载,富裕之后节俭成为传统。十世庄课、庄说等多人,躬亲农耕,不辞劳瘁;积蓄谷粟稿秸,麻缕丝絮,化无用为有用。庄均一、庄恩黻分别为湖北汉黄德道与按察司知事,自奉俭朴,布衣蔬食,见者往往不知为富贵中人。庄位中、庄许和庄瑶分别制订家训:《治家十二忌》《训弟子箴言》和《忠言十二则》,如规定:“忌托大枉费”和“戒造华屋</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">”。族人自觉遵守,无一家建造楼房,无一处豪宅,最好的宅舍不过是砖墙瓦房和部分草屋。饭食是麦子、高粮煎饼和小米粥,青菜豆腐和咸鱼,养鸡生蛋,很少买肉。年夜饭吃素食水饺,保持至今,不忘根本。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(二)崇文重教</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">此为传承中华文明之关键所在,已成家族传统,事例很多。庄聿严、庄茂初教育子弟:“读书即生命。保身保家,承先待后,胥在于是。”庄恩绶无意功名,惟以耕读课子侄。尝训之曰:“譬诸一身,财者肉也,地者骨也,而读书则气脉也;有骨肉而无气脉,人胡以生?”庄谐家贫,赴试无旅途之资。当时莒县隶属青州,每逢试期,往往数百里只身孤行,有时困卧道旁雪中,几乎不能起立。即病危之夕,而读书一</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">事,犹津津不绝口。长辈视读书为生命,子弟莫不孜孜苦学。庄日跻读书欲睡,引瓷锋裂股,血流沾裳。苦学不第,尝语人曰:“不得之于身,必得之于后;不得之于己,必得之于人。”设馆于乡,自族人以及异乡之士,执经问业无虚日,得成名者后先接踵。族人读书成风,只要有隔宿之粮莫不送子弟入塾。读书必从师,必有名师。庄詠年轻时,闻有名师,不惮数百里而往从学。庄庆豫家计虽窘,每岁必延名师。庄说少时多疾,读书数年而辍学,及长躬亲农事。平居粗衣粝食,及延师,无论岁之丰歉,束修一从丰厚。庄诚一对族中家贫无力读书者,为储膏火,勤考课,卒赖以成立。庄试尝于同族子弟中择其聪慧者令入家塾,延师教读。庄詠为直隶任丘县知县时,以自己薪俸并集约当地士绅集资修桂岩书院,整订条规,延请名师,寒门学子多所成就。升任河间府知府后首先视察毛公书院,并经常登堂讲课,使之迅速兴旺起来,以致京津地区和江南学子纷纷来此听讲,不少人科举有成。庄瑶任河南彰怀卫道,治河同时,奖掖士子。捐赠河朔书院膏火,经常检查学子课业如严师,诗律文章偶有差错,必予订正,文风为之一振。族人在外任职回里者,莫不以训导子侄上进为乐事。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>族人重视教育,以品行为首要。《家传》所载,例如:庄说训导子弟:“人生世上,孝友为先,耕读次之。存心忠厚,处世和平,乃不愧先世家风。”庄书田病危遗嘱:“勿忘诗书,治家勤俭,处世和平,皆当切记。”<?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" /><st1:personname w:st="on" productid="庄">庄</st1:personname>君修任塾师,尝与族人言曰:“教授宗旨,德行为先,文艺为末,因材施教。”庄筠要求子弟:“人当砥行励名,期其远大,区区翰墨词章未足以概学问也。”</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(三)孝悌仁爱</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>此儒学思想精髓,族人身体力行。庄浚川、庄茂初、庄均一等,父母要求,谨奉践行;父母染病,视膳奉药,日夜守护。庄鹿龄年青理家,至家道小康,兄弟分居,众皆丰腴,自取其薄。庄曰箕分家时膏腴悉让诸弟,自取薄田数亩。庄若胃兄弟四人,居长,父年衰,不忍贻误诸弟前程,躬理家务,令诸弟卒业。雍正八年岁大饥,妻、子难以存活,耕作所获,概分之于弟。庄枚,亲族不能举火者多就食其家,且代为谋婚嫁,理葬祭,靡岁不有。庄之枞,乾隆丙午春大饥,族邻多难图存,或给之以粟,或收养于家,赖以存活者不可胜计。是时粮价腾贵,庄宅中低价卖粮济困。有人劝其高售置产,他谢绝说:“救活多人命,胜我增数百亩田多矣。”庄履中见一寒士于风雪中步履艰难,慷慨为之制衣谋馆。后寒士病故,厚葬之。《家训》中还有“忌契卖侍女”,“忌苛待佣工”等告诫,约束族人言行,使之符合仁礼规范</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(四)清正为官</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">为国效力,为民排忧,是族人为官所本。明万历间,庄谦任河南汝宁府推官,在积案中首先处理真阳县乡豪偷逃万亩田赋,转嫁到农民身上,并买通崇王府侍卫,在途中杀死到汝宁府上告的农民一案。崇王是明宣宗朱瞻基的七世孙,案子极为棘手。庄谦取得实据,按照程序,判处杀人凶手死刑,籍没乡豪家产并充军边地。当地百姓一片称颂,其他大案积案也都一一审结。天启二年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1622</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)庄谦调任监察御史,巡按陕西。明朝中期后,国家有各级税赋机构,宫廷内府还有太监组成的许多专门为皇帝聚敛民间财物,提供生活服务的机构。万历二十七年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1599</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),富平、渭南、咸阳和咸宁四县的知县,皆为忠直之臣,拒绝向太监行贿,拒交索要的财物,被先后下狱,一人瘐死,一人自缢,两人被革职。时任监察御史和陕西巡按者,想着手处理此事,几乎被人下药毒死。这是一起历史旧案,庄谦没有绕过去,而是不顾个人身家性命,在掌握实据后向熹宗皇帝上奏《四知县复正疏》。案件重审,处决一名太监及其两个爪牙;蒙冤</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">20</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年的四知县得到平反昭雪。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">嘉庆四年庄詠中进士后,首任职务是直隶省任县知县。境内沼泽地占一半以上,百姓赖以生存的涸地,面积随水常变,上交官府的粮银有增无减,百姓不堪重负。庄詠带人详细勘察了水情地势,核实了能够垦种的田亩,上报顺德府知府,按照规定,原来耕种的涸地旧欠全免。经直隶巡抚批准,按上、中、下三等分征地税,并按岁灾之轻重,据实减免,为任县解除了几十年的积困。期间,又代为审理了沙河县一桩数年不结的“吕姓命案”,查明真相释放无辜人员。当地人们感恩赠以“廉明慈惠”匾额。值其母寿辰,两县士民凑金三百为寿。庄詠力却不成,便另捐钱</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">300</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">缗,一并修缮文庙。调任任丘县知县后,发现驿站管理混乱,百姓负担很重,便大力进行整治,并出俸银购马</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">50</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">匹,交与驿站;还与属官捐银千两,交与盐当生息,作为驿站年修和补助养马经费,从而官差畅通,地方负担减轻。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">庄瑶嘉庆二十二年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1817</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)中进士,先任工部都水司主事,后提升为郎中。道光十年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1840</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)被特旨任重大水患常发区域湖北荆宜施道,不久又被调任关系中原乃至东部数省防洪大局的河南河北彰怀卫道</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">。道光十五年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1845</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)辖区内黄河大堤由漫溢到决口。庄瑶一方面组织所属五厅集中人、财、物力赶筑三道拦水坝,一面组织官兵挑河挖沙,疏引洪流。庄瑶短衣蓑笠与士卒、百姓同用锨筐,同寝于堤堰间。为节省银两,自出薪俸购芦席</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">10</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">余万领,为抗洪军民搭棚休息和救济灾民之用。洪水既服,又带领百姓沿河植柳护堤,数年后百里长堤绿荫如龙,人们称为“庄公柳”。庄瑶的事绩受到皇帝的嘉许。道光皇帝在召见赴汴官员时常说:“尔等到官日,做事用心如庄瑶,则朕信汝。”</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">同治二年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1863</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),庄予桢中进士,入礼部祠祭司任主事,升郎中。光绪十七年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1891</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)出任湖南宝庆府知府。辖地新化县内有富豪在资江河畔开矿炼铁,十几年来大量废水排入河中,造成沿河田地禾苗不长,甚至颗粒无收,还要照样交纳田赋。受害田主多次上告,不得解决。庄予桢带人勘察核实后,作出决定:查封铁矿,由矿主补还受害田主不应交的税银,新化知县革职,维护了百姓正当权益。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">庄清吉,光绪戊戌科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1898</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)翰林,参与“公车上书”,变法维新,为慈禧一派后党所不容,</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1904</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年,外派直隶柏乡县任知县,颇有政声。袁世凯命该县送清宫芝麻</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">万斤。庄清吉无视权贵,以购价上报,获罪于袁。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>庄均一任云南宾川州知州,辖区内多豪猾,久为民害,郡县不能治。庄均一集约其训之:“吾不忍以不教之民轻试刑威也,因为设科条明礼让躬先率行,有不遵者,然后治之。”一年后考治,为滇省第一。上宪以其才能超众,委以“铜差”(押解官银)。自滇至京途逾万里,经长江大河,凡督运者往往受累。庄均一欣然受命,防卫备至,不到一年,即达京师,官银无一亏损。引见时,以卓异嘉许。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">庄陔兰光绪三十年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1904</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)年中进士,授翰林院编修。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1936</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年去孔府任教,不要薪水,一日三餐由孔府供给,作为招待(孔德懋:《孔府轶事》)。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(五)维护乡里</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">维护乡民平安,是“民为贵”思想的重要实践。《重修莒志》记载:咸丰十一年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1861</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)捻军经过莒地,马鬐山一带村民登山结寨自保。众推庄鹏翥为守卫团团长。由于内奸告密,山寨被捻军攻破。“鹏翥奋不顾身,前驱肉搏,重伤立殒。”他的儿子和两个侄子,与敌酣战,英勇无比。在这次事件中,避难乡民有近千人被害。事后莒州知州旌表保卫乡民的庄彦英《勤襄筹济》匾额。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>同年,庄瑶约集族兄庄恩绶、庄恩黻等号召乡里,共建村围。他们面对困难“不为所动,刻日兴工。凡捐田产,集材料,皆先己后人”。翌年,村围建成,在后来的动乱中大店村民安然无恙。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">礼之用贵和,体现于乐善好施,乡里和谐。明崇祯十三年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1640</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)《庄谦墓志铭》关于庄谦圆满处理公务,解下印绶,告归故里,躬耕训子,助困济贫,排难解纷,乡里和谐的一段记述:“事竣报满,翁已解组归来,闾耕睦里,训子若孙甚适。乃若邻之贫者,朋戚之不能举火者,老弱疲癃(读疲隆,指手足不灵,老病之态—引者)无所告者,解衣指廪以养为归。年大饥,人相食,翁倾囊周之,不令上官知也。居乡无一字于公门,造福生民,闾里称颂”。见于《重修莒志》和《庄氏族谱》者,例如:乾隆十三、十四年,莒州连年饥馑,庄御锡以余粮尽数分给乡亲,不取回报。庄在芳念及乡里生活贫苦,将其年久宿债一笔勾销。乾隆五十一年,岁大饥,见两幼儿匍匐路边,慨叹道:“忍使其祖、父无后乎!”遂收养于家。道光年间,大店西南官庄一带,数十里均为洼田,庄试禀明地方官,带领数十名村夫,加以疏浚</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">。大店村南道路,坑洼不平,盛夏积水,人们视为畏途。庄枚首倡修筑,并为役夫供食粮。咸丰、同治年间,庄懋濂避捻军至望海楼山,以粮食救济乏食乡民。后乡民偿还,他概不接受。庄汝艺见“村东旧患水,躬亲督工,开渠通河。”乾隆五十一年“岁饥,于周恤族邻,设施糜粥外,输谷辇公庭以助赈。”庄浚川倡修学宫、文昌祠,补助道路。“岁祲</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">,每晨煮粥以食乞丐。又制絮衣若干件以与残疾无衣者。”</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(六)著书立说</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>五经四书阐释的儒学思想,是华夏民族灵魂的主体要素,中华文明的核心内容。庄氏族人在任教和出仕为官的同时,许多人通过著书立说,把五经四书的要义铺展开去,传之后世。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">许多著述收入晚清《山东通志</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">·</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">艺文志》并载入</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1993</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年齐鲁书社出版的《山东文献书目》。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">《学庸困知录》四卷,庄詠著,道光二十三年刻本,山东省图书馆收藏。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1971</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年台湾商务印书馆重新排印,编入日本东方文化事业委员会编《续修四库全书提要》“经”部。“学庸”为《大学》、《中庸》二书的合称,这两部书是儒家学说最基本的范本。它行文的艰涩一直是困扰青年学子的难题,庄詠集诸家说解之长进行阐释,与所著《春秋题解》是国内学子学习五经四书的主要参考书。庄詠还于嘉庆五年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1800</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)写成《杜律浅说》(杜少陵五言诗百首浅说)上下卷,道光二十四年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1844</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)刻印成书,这是一部杜诗探源索流、文情并茂、充满思辨力的杜诗论。与《学庸困知录》同藏山东省图书馆。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">庄瑶勤奋国事,治家教子,同时创作。《声韵易知》四卷,道光二十三年刻本;《式古编》五卷,道光十八年刻本,俱藏山东省图书馆;还有《小琅玕馆古近体诗》一卷,《课子随笔》一卷。《式古编》和《课子随笔》,阐述立身、居家、应世为人生三大课题,是家庭教育的重要读物。传世著作还有《便方备用》两卷,辑</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1000</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">余个药方,咸丰元年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1851</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)刊行。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>《愚山日记》二卷,庄恩黻撰,清刻本。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>《重修莒志》录入书目者有:庄恩植撰《读史得凡》、《北史集萃》、《西汉诸志拾珠》和《双榴书屋诗古文集》;庄恩黻撰《尚书义解》、《四书典物辑要》;庄逵撰《枫岚碎事》一卷、《红豆青松吟舍诗文》四卷,《浔西诗草》一卷;庄耆年《汉易演义》三卷;庄廷璐《莒志山水订误》一卷,《小石樵语录》一卷。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>全文载入《重修莒志》的古近体诗及家训有:庄逵《秋霁游上庄同林丹峤望浮来山莒子墓怀古》,庄锡缜《游玉皇顶观滴水泉》,庄界《仲冬游东山晚归》,庄锡经《游浮来定林寺》,庄瑶《壬戌春日大店起围墙偶成》,庄志兼《将军山前王氏别业》,庄恩艺《前题》,庄恩植《九日登七峰文昌阁怀李际武并呈思诚社同人》,庄锡绅《花朝后四日宴集林后因树书屋》,庄瑶《前题》,庄锡缜《山蚕词》四首,庄位中《仁圃斋治家十二忌》,庄许《训弟子箴言》,庄瑶《有余斋治家十二则》。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>见于《庄氏族谱》和其他资料的著述还有:庄位中《集录史鉴格言》、《自记年谱》、《思母文》、《十二忌九戒》、《制义》四册;庄詠《慎守堂家训》、《慎守堂文稿》、《笔花园课儿草》、《菊香亭诗草》、《南窗琐言》、《寄居琐言》、《自著年谱》、《劝惩篇》;庄予桢《东云课草》、《宦游诗抄》、《直庐笔记》;庄恩植《史阙集草》《路史摘抄》;庄恩黻《约我斋文稿》;庄资厚《痘疹类抄》;庄家相《阴骘宝训》;庄鸾翮《味英书屋课草》;庄湘泽,女:《蔌声阁诗词集》;庄陔兰《重修莒志》(总纂)。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(七)书画艺术</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">书法艺术为中华文明的一大特色,庄氏族人不乏善书者。庄瑶(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1791</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1865</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)字琪园。清嘉庆丁丑科进士。大字楷书、行书以颜体为主,雄浑凝重而不失婉转;中楷则在颜体的基础上吸收欧体险峻爽利的特长,并把它们融会贯通,调配和谐。庄恩艺(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1786</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1846</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),字荏秋,号伯农。道光辛卯科举人,善行草。楷书先欧后赵,圆笔</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">起收,顿挫有力,骨力内蓄。庄本悌</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1821</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1889</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),岁贡生,任塾师。书法文章享誉乡里。楷书也从颜体入手,用笔的提按顿挫清晰,起收笔的动作适当夸张强调,下笔</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">犀</SPAN><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">利,锋芒外露,风格奇峭而富有韵律感。庄余珍(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1860</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1935</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),字希堂。光绪乙酉科拔贡。楷书在颜体的基础上吸收北碑平画宽结一路书体的营养,结字宽博,多古拙之趣。行书则吸收赵、董帖派书法的特长,显得英俊挺拔。庄陔兰(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1872</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1946</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),字心如。光绪甲辰科进士。对颜氏《勤礼碑》、《麻姑仙坛记》用力最勤,对前者的劲媚与后者的骨力融会贯通,避免了清代颜体字浮肿与拖沓的毛病。《重修定林寺碑记》是他楷书的代表作。行书吸收宋代以来帖派笔法的精华,平顺妥贴,流畅自然。此外,还有庄锡纶、庄清吉、庄长泽、庄厚泽、庄少庚等几十人,他们的书法也都各有造诣,并有墨迹传世。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">绘画方面,载入《山东文史集萃》(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1993</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年山东人民出版社)和《沂蒙文化发展史》者主要有庄逵、庄景楼。庄逵(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1824</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1909</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)字兰坪。同治甲子科副贡。善画工笔山水,兼及花鸟草虫。传世作品有横幅《衰柳斜阳寒鸦盘阵图》和花鸟草虫四条屏等。庄景楼(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1887</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">—</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1947</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)名昺熙,以字行。晚清太学生,幼年在族叔庄逵的指导下,习《芥子园画谱》,学写生,后入上海美术专科学校函授班,与画家刘海粟、徐悲鸿常有画作和书信来往。善画写意花鸟,深得华岩笔意。代表作为《芦雁图》:芦花泛白,芦叶摇曳,下面七八只雁,或独腿站立,或盘颈将睡;或觅食,或理羽;或展翅欲飞,或追逐嬉戏,形态各异。抗日战争前作品曾在济南展出,评为有造诣之作,时人争相收藏。近年作品进入市场,有不少流于外地。现存莒南莒县者有</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1907</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">至</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1937</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年绘画中轴、条屏近</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">30</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">幅。书法善篆隶,并善篆刻,取邓石如章法,喜用冲刀,印文或流畅或古朴。有两方印章“庄恩泽鉴藏印”、“湛然心赏”,并有边款,现藏临沂汉墓竹简博物馆。此外,还有庄呈骏、庄清吉、庄寿昌等,也有绘画作品传世。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(八)文物收藏</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">历史文物可为地方史的研究提供直接证据。族人之藏品,《重修莒志》著录金石</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">37</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">件和古钱币一宗。仅举几件为例:</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>辛剑:殷商。款二字:“且辛”,篆法简古。按《史记·殷本纪》,此剑当为祖辛所铸。庄陔兰收藏。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">宰鼎:周。身高八寸八分,周圆二尺五寸有强。铭一行,五字,只能辨认四字:“宰</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"> </SPAN><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"></SPAN></FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">室父己”。考《周礼·天官》,此为庙器,乃子为其父己所作。光绪年间沂水羊枣胡同出土。庄景楼收藏。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>编钟:周。高七寸,制作简古。右铣有鸾形,实为字。光绪年间沂水羊枣胡同出土。庄恩泽收藏。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">左军戈:周。款九字三行:“左军戈</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">朕作左</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">军巷戈”。考《说文》:“朕,我也,古无贵贱皆称之。”庄厚泽收藏。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">古币:方足布,金涅,平阳等,上自三代,下迄明清,旁及新莽之五泉、十布,南宋之铁钱铜牌,</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">20</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">种。庄恩泽收藏。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>秦权:高二寸,字十五行,其中有“廿六年皇帝尽并兼天下诸侯黔首大安立号为皇帝乃诏承相壮绾法度量则不壹……”字样。秦二世时所制。庄恩泽得之于浔河之滨,安邱赵孝陆收藏。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>汉安四面碑:字为隶书,四面行字不等。正面字七行“汉安三年二月戊辰……”共一百三十二字。光绪十九年发现于莒西孟家庄庙基,弃于河。庄余珍收藏于家,拓片鉴定为汉碑,乃莒与东安交界之石以分疆域者。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>上林苑瓦当:汉。瓦径八寸三分,“上林”二字居中,正书,犹有秦人笔意。昔得自长安,质细致润泽,已为后人琢成砚。初为庄陔兰收藏,后归历下李雪庐。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>永嘉砖砚:魏晋。高八寸八分,宽二寸六分。上顶有“俞道初”三字,右侧有“永嘉元年”四字,左侧反文五字,均隶书。正面琢为砚,砚池上方镌铭文,池左有款,皆正书。砖下有跋语,书作行草。庄英以五十金得自济南,庄长泽收藏。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>雪月回文镜:魏晋。镜径五寸八分,绕钮云纹,铭篆书八字“雪河澄浩月波清晓”,排环形。若从“雪”字起右旋,四字一句,成诗一首;若再从“河”字起,又得诗一首。以下类推,可得诗八首;若从“雪”字左旋,下读如前,亦可得诗八首。庄恩泽收藏。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><FONT size=3>铜炮:元。炮长一尺九寸,口径三寸五分。分五节,铭篆书,体态遒媚。第一节有“射穿百札声动九天”八字,第四节有“神飞”二字,第五节有“至正辛卯”四字,背面有“天山”二字。乾隆二年安徽六安州出土。沂水高椅圆淑曾,任六安州知州得之。庄恩泽收藏。</FONT></SPAN></P>
<P style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">庄恩泽终生从事教育工作,喜收藏,任山<st1:personname w:st="on" productid="东大学">东大学</st1:personname>教授。一九五一年,由夫人丁德萱将所藏文物捐赠山东省古代文物管理委员会,包括古币</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">2965</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">枚,金石</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">40</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">件,碑帖</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">136</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">种,石刻拓片</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">200</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">种,字画</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">4</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">种,古籍</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">15</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">种。其中元代铜炮,为当时所仅见,现藏北京军事博物馆古代兵器馆。</SPAN></FONT></P>
<P style="TEXT-ALIGN: center; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt" class=MsoNormal align=center><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">四、与时俱进</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><o:p></o:p></SPAN></FONT></B></P>
<P style="TEXT-INDENT: 21pt; MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0" class=MsoNormal><FONT size=3><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">大店庄氏以读书起家。从明万历己未科(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US><FONT face="Times New Roman">1619</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">